- Costs: 35 cash
- Yields: 1200 stone (every 6 hours)
Machu Picchu is situated in the Cusco Region, Peru, 2,430 metres (7,970 ft) above sea level.
The Incas built the estate around 1450, but abandoned it as an official site for the Inca rulers a century later at the time of the Spanish Conquest. Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438–1472).
Most of the outlying buildings have been reconstructed in order to give tourists a better idea of what the structures originally looked like. The restoration work continues to this day. In 1983 it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.